As the Web has grown more complex and as more becomes possible on the internet, developers have gotten more specialized. That means that Web development now means a lot of different things depending on what a web developer specializes in.
Here are the three main categories:
- Front end development (the visible parts of a website or app)
- back end development(the “under the hook” database and infrastructure)
- Full-stack development (a hybrid of both). Full stack can apply to a web stack, mobile stack, or a native application stack.
A Full-stack developer is a web developer or engineer who works with both the front end and back ends of a website or application- meaning they can tackle projects that involve databases, building user-facing websites, or even work with clients during the planning phase of projects.
The T-shaped model is a concept that has been around for a while that describes the ability or characteristics of an individual. An ideal T-shaped person has many generalized skills with a specialization in one or a few specific fields.
A full-stack web developer is an excellent example of this model as the developer has general knowledge across a wide breadth of technologies and platforms as well as in-depth experience in a couple of those concepts. For the most part, there are two general fields that make up a full-stack developer; skill set: front-end development and back-end development.
Front-end web Development:
Everything that one actually sees on website or mobile like the layout, the positioning of text and images, colors, fonts, buttons, and so on – are all factors that the front-end developer must consider.
Creation, edit/update and recollection of data are some of the processes that are most often associated with back-end development. Some examples of common scripting languages used are PHP, Ruby, and Python. With these languages, a back-end developer can create algorithms and business logic to manipulate the data that was received in front-end development.
This means that a back-end developer must be able to write code to receive the information input from the user and also save it somewhere – like in a database.
The concepts might sound foreign, but just understand that there are different database management systems based on convenience and use.
Advantages of Full stack Development:
A full stack developer plays a significant role in several IT and development companies. Let’s take a look at the advantages of a full stack developer. They are:
- They can carry out several tasks
- Preferable for small Budget Projects
- Easy Switching
- Cost saving
- Comprehensive work
- Perfect for small and medium enterprises
Full Stack development is an evolving technology and the developers are readily exploring its potential of creating robust websites and applications.